ZnO nanostructures grown on ITO coated glass substrate by hybrid microwave-assisted hydrothermal method

Ana Filip, Viorica Musat, Nicolae Tigau, Silviu Polosan, Ana Pimentel, Sofia Ferreira, Daniela Gomes, Tomás Calmeiro, Rodrigo Martins, Elvira Fortunato

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Over the last decades, zinc oxide nanostructures (NSs) have been studied due to outstanding chemical and physical properties, able to serve a plethora of applications. The growth of NSs on different substrates coated with ITO film allow their direct implementation in various micro-/nano-devices. The microwave-assisted hydrothermal method is a new hybrid approach used for synthesis of oxide NSs due to unique advantages in energy efficiency/high reaction rate and possibility of obtaining different morphologies with size and shape-controlled, which are relevant for some applications. In this paper, we present a simple one step synthesis of ZnO 1D and 2D NSs with homogeneous distribution and orientation perpendicular to substrates covered with ITO film, using a microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. The effect of seed layer treatment on the structure, morphology and optical properties of the obtained NSs have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV/VIS/NIR and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The obtained ZnO NSs with 1D and 2D morphologies show high visible transmittance between 80–90 % and band gap energy values between 3.27 and 3.22 eV. The I-V curves and photoluminescence spectra indicate good ohmic contacts on both sides (ITO and Au-top electrodes) and highlight the effect of the thermal treatment of seed layer on the photoluminescence emission and electrical conductivity of the obtained NSs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number164372
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


  • Electrical properties
  • ITO coated glass substrate
  • MW-assisted hydrothermal
  • Optical properties
  • ZnO nanostructures


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