24 Citations (Scopus)


ZnO nanorod structures were deposited on micrometer interdigitated Au electrodes to function as three-dimensional matrixes for the immobilization of antibodies in a capacitive immunosensor format. As a proof of concept, anti-horseradish peroxidase (anti-HRP) antibodies were immobilized on the ZnO nanostructured surface by a crosslinking process. The ZnO nanorod layer allows distribution of antibodies across the entire region probed by the measuring electric field applied to the microelectrodes. This is an alternative approach to the use of more expensive nanometer electrodes necessary in the detection of smaller layers of antibodies. The new micrometer interdigitated capacitive immunosensor was able to discriminate between HRP antigen in buffer; a non-specific antigen in buffer; or buffer alone, as proven by capacitance measurements. Maximum response of the sensor was achieved in the 5-6 kHz frequency range, opening the possibility for a simplified single frequency detection system for direct antigen detection in complex biological samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-217
Number of pages7
JournalSensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014


  • Biosensor
  • Capacitive immunosensor
  • Impedance spectroscopy
  • Interdigitated electrodes
  • ZnO nanorods


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