Vírus zika Revisão para clínicos

Translated title of the contribution: Zika virus: A review to clinicians

VL Pinto Junior , Kleber Luz, Ricardo Parreira, Paulo Ferrinho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)
22 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Zika virus is a flavivirus related to Dengue virus, yellow fever virus and West Nile virus. It is considered an emerging arbovirus transmitted by mosquitos of the genus Aedes. Its first description took place in 1947 in the Zika Forest in Uganda, isolated on Rhesus monkey used as bait to study the yellow fever virus. Sporadic cases have been detected in African countries and at the end of the 70’s in Indonesia. In 2007, epidemics were described in Micronesia and other islands in the Pacific Ocean and more recently in Brazil. Clinical picture is characterized as a ‘dengue-like’ syndrome, with abrupt onset of fever and an early onset evanescent rash, often pruritic. Occasionally the disease has been associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome. Nevertheless, until now deaths and complications caused by the disease were not reported. The diagnosis can be performed by PCR or by IgG and IgM antibodies detection. The rapid spread of the virus and its epidemic potential are especially problematic in countries where there are the circulation of other arboviruses which imposes difficulties in the differential diagnosis and healthcare burden. Control measures are the same recommended for dengue and chikungunya which are based in health education and vector control.

Translated title of the contributionZika virus: A review to clinicians
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)760-765
Number of pages6
JournalActa Médica Portuguesa
Volume28
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Aedes
  • Arboviruses
  • Flaviviridae infections
  • Flavivirus

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