Yellow and red ochre pigments from southern Portugal: Elemental composition and characterization by WDXRF and XRD

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Abstract

Three different yellow and red ochre pigments geological sources from Alentejo-Terras rossas, schist units and weathered iron ore deposits-were studied by elemental and phase analysis complemented with Munsell and CIELAB colour parameters. Central aims were to underline the mineralogical and chemical distinctiveness of natural pigment sources and establish a connection between local geology and use of specific colour pigments in traditional lime wash mural paintings. According to the chemical composition the Fe abundance is 6 times higher than average crust values. The Terras Rossas are characterized by higher Ca contents. In yellow and red schists, phyllosilicates are major minerals, so pigments from these units are enriched in K and Rb. Besides Fe, the pigments from weathered ores are enriched in metals like Pb, As, Cu, and Zn, which can be used as fingerprints.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)728-731
JournalNuclear Instruments & Methods In Physics Research Section A-Accelerators Sp
Volume580
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007

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