Trabalho e religião no reino siro-mesopotâmico de Mari

Translated title of the contribution: Work and Religion in the Syro-Mesopotamian Kingdom of Mari

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Abstract

Esta breve análise, resultante de uma comunicação no Workshop “Religião e Trabalho no Mundo Antigo”, pretende entender de que forma era encarado o trabalho no reino siro-mesopotâmico de Mari, no decurso dos sécs. XIX e XVIII a.C. Para os antigos mesopotâmios, o mundo humano e o mundo divino partilhavam um destino comum, que obrigava a uma “aliança” tácita entre ambos e que pautava todos os aspetos da vida terrena, incluindo aquele que respeitava às atividades laborais. Neste sentido, e tendo em conta que o monarca desempenhava uma função sagrada/divina, devemos perceber de que forma este mediava a relação entre os seres humanos e as entidades celestes e quais os traços gerais da sua missão.

Presented in the context of a Workshop entitled “Religion and Work in the Ancient World”, this brief analysis
intends to understand how work was perceived in the Syro-Mesopotamian kingdom of Mari, during the 19th and
18th centuries BC. For the ancient Mesopotamians, the human world and the divine world shared a common destiny,
which required a tacit “alliance” between them and which governed all aspects of earthly life, including those that
concern the work activities. In this sense, and bearing in mind that the monarch played a divine function, we should
understand how the king mediated the relationship between the human and the celestial spheres and what were
the general features of his sacred mission.
Translated title of the contributionWork and Religion in the Syro-Mesopotamian Kingdom of Mari
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)17-27
Number of pages10
JournalLusitania Sacra
Volume36 (2ª série)
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Mari
  • Religion
  • Zimri-Lim
  • Work
  • Divine Legitimation
  • Ideologia Real
  • Royal Ideology
  • Yahdun-Lîm
  • Período Amorrita
  • Amorite Period

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