Will casuarina glauca stress resilience be maintained in the face of climate change?

Tiago F. Jorge, José C. Ramalho, Saleh Alseekh, Isabel P. Pais, António E. Leitão, Ana P. Rodrigues, Paula Scotti-Campos, Ana I. Ribeiro-Barros, Alisdair R. Fernie, Carla António

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Abstract

Actinorhizal plants have been regarded as promising species in the current climate change context due to their high tolerance to a multitude of abiotic stresses. While combined salt-heat stress effects have been studied in crop species, their impact on the model actinorhizal plant, Casuarina glauca, has not yet been fully addressed. The effect of single salt (400 mM NaCl) and heat (control at 26/22 °C, supra optimal temperatures at 35/22 °C and 45/22 °C day/night) conditions on C. glauca branchlets was characterised at the physiological level, and stress-induced metabolite changes were characterised by mass spectrometry-based metabolomics. C. glauca could withstand single salt and heat conditions. However, the harshest stress condition (400 mM NaCl, 45 °C) revealed photosynthetic impairments due to mesophyll and membrane permeability limitations as well as major stress-specific differential responses in C and N metabolism. The increased activity of enzymatic ROS scavengers was, however, revealed to be sufficient to control the plant oxidative status. Although C. glauca could tolerate single salt and heat stresses, their negative interaction enhanced the effects of salt stress. Results demonstrated that C. glauca responses to combined salt-heat stress could be explained as a sum of the responses from each single applied stress.

Original languageEnglish
Article number593
JournalMetabolites
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Actinorhizal plants
  • Casuarina glauca
  • Combined stress
  • Heat stress
  • Metabolomics
  • Salt stress

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