OBJECTIVES: To evaluate by ultrasound (US) the frequency and reliability of peritenon extensor tendon inflammation (PTI) and intra articular synovitis (IAS) in metacarpophalangeal joints (MCPj) of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients.
METHODS: 27 PsA patients with clinical involvement of MCPj were consecutively included. Presence of PTI and IAS were evaluated by grey-scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD). Longitudinal and transverse 3-5 second videos of US examinations were recorded for reliability assessments by five readers. Consensus on positive US results was achieved when at least three readers agreed.
RESULTS: Clinical swelling was present in 60 joints whereas US detected IAS and/or PTI in 75 MCPj. GS PTI in at least one MCPj was found in 19 patients and 41 joints, concurring with clinical swelling in 30/41. GS IAS in at least one MCPj was found in 23 patients and 63 joints, concurring with clinical swelling in 37/63. The inter-reader reliability was good for PD PTI and moderate for GS PTI.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study identifies that both IAS and PTI cause MCPj swelling, where PTI is almost as frequent as IAS as a cause of swelling. The reliability of PTI is at least as good as for IAS.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology|
|Early online date||14 Jun 2018|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2018|
- psoriatic arthritis