What if São Paulo (Brazil) would like to become a renewable and endogenous energy -based megacity?

Flávia Mendes de Almeida Collaço, Luís Pereira Dias, Sofia G. Simoes, Tomislav Pukšec, Júlia Seixas, Célio Bermann

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Abstract

This paper analyses São Paulo megacity's (Brazil) current and future energy system through the development of an urban energy model, using the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System simulation software, covering the period from 2014 to 2030. The paper explores pathways for increasing renewable and endogenous energy resources in the megacity, reducing its dependency on energy imports and its greenhouse gases emissions. Seven scenarios are modelled considering an integrated multisector energy demand projection that combines energy endogenous potential assessment with improving access of the population to city’ energy services. Currently, São Paulo imports 99% of its energy (% of exogenous resources). In 2030, 31% of endogenous resources can be achieved under a Business as Usual scenario, as well as a reduction up to 43% of greenhouse gases emissions from 2014 levels, by promoting both demand-side and supply-side energy efficiency. When considering better energy services’ access for city inhabitants, accompanied by urban energy policies, a maximum of 25% of endogenous energy share in 2030 and an emission decrease of 24% below 2014 emissions is likely to be reached.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-433
Number of pages18
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume138
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

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Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Energy policy
Energy resources
Energy efficiency
Planning
Industry

Keywords

  • Energy endogenous potential
  • LEAP simulation model
  • Sao Paulo megacity
  • Urban carbon emissions
  • Urban energy system

Cite this

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title = "What if S{\~a}o Paulo (Brazil) would like to become a renewable and endogenous energy -based megacity?",
abstract = "This paper analyses S{\~a}o Paulo megacity's (Brazil) current and future energy system through the development of an urban energy model, using the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System simulation software, covering the period from 2014 to 2030. The paper explores pathways for increasing renewable and endogenous energy resources in the megacity, reducing its dependency on energy imports and its greenhouse gases emissions. Seven scenarios are modelled considering an integrated multisector energy demand projection that combines energy endogenous potential assessment with improving access of the population to city’ energy services. Currently, S{\~a}o Paulo imports 99{\%} of its energy ({\%} of exogenous resources). In 2030, 31{\%} of endogenous resources can be achieved under a Business as Usual scenario, as well as a reduction up to 43{\%} of greenhouse gases emissions from 2014 levels, by promoting both demand-side and supply-side energy efficiency. When considering better energy services’ access for city inhabitants, accompanied by urban energy policies, a maximum of 25{\%} of endogenous energy share in 2030 and an emission decrease of 24{\%} below 2014 emissions is likely to be reached.",
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What if São Paulo (Brazil) would like to become a renewable and endogenous energy -based megacity? / Collaço, Flávia Mendes de Almeida; Dias, Luís Pereira; Simoes, Sofia G.; Pukšec, Tomislav; Seixas, Júlia; Bermann, Célio.

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 138, 01.08.2019, p. 416-433.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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