Wealth and social inequality in religious and secular contexts: A critical analysis on pottery consumption in Early Modern Portugal (16th-18th centuries)

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Abstract

Wealth differentials in archaeological sites are a frequently studied topic, but social differentiation approaches are rarely applied to different contexts within a wider territory, especially in Portugal. In
this article, the authors discuss the differences in wealth and inequality through the consumption of tablewares from fifteen sites across Portugal dated from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries AD. The archaeological evidence derives from two types of contexts: secular (houses and dumps) and religious
(female and male religious institutions). Using a statistical similarity method to compare different consumption patterns in each context, the authors discuss how this can help us understand wealth differences in distinct social environments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-527
Number of pages18
JournalEuropean Journal of Archaeology
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Post-medieval archaeology
  • Pottery
  • Social differences
  • Secular/religious
  • Statistics

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