Water Pumping System Supplied by a PV Generator and with a Switched Reluctance Motor Using a Drive Based on a Multilevel Converter with Reduced Switches

Vítor Fernão Pires, Daniel Foito, Armando Cordeiro, Tito G. Amaral, Hao Chen, Armando Pires, João F. Martins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Pumping systems play a fundamental role in many applications. One of the applications in which these systems are very important is to pump water. However, in the real world context, the use of renewable energies to supply this kind of system becomes essential. Thus, this paper proposes a water pumping system powered by a photovoltaic (PV) generator. In addition, due to its interesting characteristics, such low manufacturing cost, free of rare-earth elements, simple design and robustness for pumping systems, a switched reluctance motor (SRM) is used. The power electronic system to be used in the PV generator and to control the SRM consists of a DC/DC converter with a bipolar output and a multilevel converter. The adopted DC/DC converter uses only one switch, so its topology can be considered as a derivation of the combination of a Zeta converter with a buck–boost converter. Another important aspect is that this converter allows continuous input current, which is desirable for PV panels. The topology selected to control the SRM is a multilevel converter. This proposed topology was adopted with the purpose of reducing the number of power semiconductors. A maximum power point algorithm (MPPT) associated with the DC/DC converter to obtain the maximum power of the PV panels is also proposed. This MPPT will be developed based on the concept of the time derivative of the power and voltage. It will be verified that with the increase in solar irradiance, the generated power will also increase. From this particular case study, it will be verified that changes in the irradiance from 1000 W/m2 to 400 W/m2 will correspond to a change in the motor speed from 1220 rpm to 170 rpm. The characteristics and operation of the proposed system will be verified through several simulation and experimental studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number39
Number of pages22
JournalDesigns
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • DC/DC converter
  • multilevel converter
  • photovoltaic generator (PV)
  • renewable energy
  • switched reluctance motor (SRM)
  • water pumping system

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