Water effect in the thermal and molecular dynamics behavior of poly(L-lactic acid)

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A detailed dielectric characterization of the relaxation modes found in a poly(L-lactic acid), PLLA, film containing 0.4 mass% of water is provided. The sub-glass relaxation process is a superposition of two processes, one highly influenced by water with activation energy of 50 kJ mol(-1), and another one, with longer relaxation times and lower intensity having activation energy of 38 kJ mol(-1). Dried PLLA exhibits an abnormally broad secondary beta-relaxation that probably corresponds to the superposition of multiple processes. Upon water sorption the strength of the more mobile process significantly increases being shifted to lower temperatures which allows the detection of the underlying process. The glass transition relaxation process is deviated to higher frequencies almost one decade due to the water plasticizing effect. The reported results show that small quantities of water may have a profound impact in the relaxational features in PLLA, which should be taken in account when considering the properties and performance of this system.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)425-429
JournalJournal Of Thermal Analysis And Calorimetry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007

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