Waste conversion into activated carbon for heavy metal removal from waste water

S. Lyubchik, M. Khodorkovskij, T. Makarova, Liliya Tikhonova, Jose P. B. Mota, Isabel Fonseca

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Activated carbons were prepared from co-mingled natural organic waste, comprising 25% sunflower husks, 50% petroleum waste and 25% low-grade bituminous coal. The porous carbon materials were obtained either by direct activation with steam at 1,123 K, or through pre-oxidation stages with binary eutectic Na/K carbonates, followed by carbonization at 623 K in an inert atmosphere, and then steam activation at 1,123 K. The activated carbons prepared from the co-mingled natural organic wastes were used as adsorbents to remove copper (II), cobalt (III), nickel (II), iron (II), and manganese (II) from real multi-component solutions. Batch experiments were carried out to study the kinetics of multi-component, competitive adsorption. The mechanisms of heavy-metal adsorption on activated carbon are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecent Advances in Adsorption Processes for Environmental Protection and Security
EditorsJ. P. Mota, S. Lyubchik
PublisherSpringer
Pages133-146
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)978-1-4020-6803-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
EventNATO Advanced Research Workshop on Recent Advances in Adsorption Processes for Environmental Protection and Security - Kiev, Ukraine
Duration: 9 Sep 200612 Sep 2006

Publication series

NameNato Science for Peace and Security Series C - Environmental Security
PublisherSpringer
ISSN (Print)1871-4668

Conference

ConferenceNATO Advanced Research Workshop on Recent Advances in Adsorption Processes for Environmental Protection and Security
CountryUkraine
CityKiev
Period9/09/0612/09/06

Keywords

  • waste recovery
  • activated carbon
  • polluted water
  • heavy metals
  • adsorption
  • POLYACRYLAMIDE-GRAFTED SAWDUST
  • CO-GASIFICATION
  • HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM
  • ADSORPTION
  • BIOMASS
  • THERMODYNAMICS
  • ADSORBENTS
  • MIXTURES
  • KINETICS
  • CR(III)

Cite this

Lyubchik, S., Khodorkovskij, M., Makarova, T., Tikhonova, L., Mota, J. P. B., & Fonseca, I. (2008). Waste conversion into activated carbon for heavy metal removal from waste water. In J. P. Mota, & S. Lyubchik (Eds.), Recent Advances in Adsorption Processes for Environmental Protection and Security (pp. 133-146). (Nato Science for Peace and Security Series C - Environmental Security). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6805-8_12