Voltammetric studies of the catalytic electron‐transfer process between the Desulfovibrio gigas hydrogenase and small proteins isolated from the same genus

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Abstract

The kinetics of electron transfer between the Desulfovibrio gigas hydrogenase and several electron‐transfer proteins from Desulfovibrio species were investigated by cyclic voltammetry, square‐wave voltammetry and chronoamperometry. The cytochrome c3 from Desulfovibrio vulgaris (Hil‐denborough), Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (Norway 4), Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (American Type Culture Collection 27774) and D. gigas (NCIB 9332) were used as redox carriers. They differ in their redox potentials and isoelectric point. Depending on the pH, all the reduced forms of these cytochromes were effective in electron exchange with hydrogenase. Other small electron‐transfer proteins such as ferredoxin I, ferredoxin II and rubredoxin from D. gigas were tentatively used as redox carriers. Only ferredoxin II was effective in mediating electron exchange between hydrogenase and the working electrode. The second‐order rate constants k for the reaction between reduced proteins and hydrogenase were calculated based on the theory of the simplest electrocatalytic mechanism [Moreno, C., Costa, C., Moura, I., Le Gall, J., Liu, M. Y., Payne, W. J., van Dijk, C. & Moura, J. J. G. (1993) Eur. J. Biochem. 212, 79–86] and the results obtained by cyclic voltammetry were compared with those obtained by chronoamperometry. Values for k of 105–106 M−1 s−1 (cytochrome c3 as electron carrier) and 104 M−1 s−1 (ferredoxin II as the electron carrier) were determined. The rate‐constant values are discussed in terms of the existence of an electrostatic interaction between the electrode surface and the redox carrier and between the redox carrier and a positively charged part of the enzyme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)981-989
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal Of Biochemistry
Volume217
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993

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