Vitamin D status in the active duty navy military personnel: protocol for a systematic review

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1 Citation (Scopus)
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INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D is critical for bone health and its deficiency has been linked to increased incidence and severity of multiple diseases. Even so, vitamin D inadequacy is a major public health problem worldwide. The main source of vitamin D is endogenous cutaneous synthesis through exposure to solar ultraviolet B radiation, which is influenced by several factors, including occupational. The active duty Navy military personnel may be prone to vitamin D inadequacy, but a worldwide overview of vitamin D status in this specific population is still lacking.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The CoCoPop mnemonic will be used for determining the inclusion criteria. Scopus, Web of Science and PubMed/Medline will be searched for all studies including 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations of the active duty Navy military personnel. Data extraction and quality assessment (Joanna Briggs Institute's and Downs and Black checklists) will be performed by two reviewers and data will be synthesised in narrative, tabular and map formats.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study will not involve human or animal subjects and, thus, does not require ethics approval. The outcomes will be disseminated via publication in a peer-reviewed scientific journal and presentation at a scientific conference.


Original languageEnglish
Article numbere060876
Pages (from-to)e060876
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 24 May 2022


  • Humans
  • Military Personnel
  • Research Design
  • Ultraviolet Rays
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology
  • Vitamins


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