Violência contra jornalistas no canal de Jair Bolsonaro no Youtube: análise dos 100 primeiros dias de pandemia de covid-19 no Brasil

Translated title of the contribution: Violence against journalists on Jair Bolsonaro's YouTube channel : analysis of the first 100 days of the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil

A. M. M. Flores, Janara Nicoletti

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Abstract

As plataformas sociais são ambientes priorizados por governos populistas em todo o mundo e configuram espaços de troca de informação sem mediação jornalística. Invalidar a imprensa é uma estratégia de ação cada vez mais evidente de vozes políticas: um sinal de alerta de violência contra jornalistas, amplificada durante a pandemia de Covid-19. Jair Bolsonaro é um dos exemplos mais contundentes no espectro nacional e este artigo pretende compreender a frequência e tipos de ataque à imprensa presentes nos vídeos publicados pelo canal do presidente brasileiro no YouTube. Para tal, reúne-se uma metodologia híbrida com análise de conteúdo e métodos digitais. O recorte temporal abrange os 100 primeiros dias de crise – de 26 de fevereiro a 4 de junho de 2020. Os resultados apontam que a imprensa é citada em 36% do conteúdo. Destes, 40% representam críticas, 28% ataques verbais e 26% descredibilização.

Social platforms are environments prioritized by populist governments around the world and spaces frequently used for exchanging information without journalistic mediation. Invalidating the press is an increasingly evident strategy by political voices: a warning sign of attacks against journalists, amplified during the Covid-19 pandemic. Jair Bolsonaro is one of the more striking examples in Brazil and this article aims to understand the frequency and types of attacks on the press in videos published by the Brazilian president's YouTube channel. A hybrid methodology of content analysis and digital methods is developed for this study. The time frame covers the first 100 days of the health crisis in the country — from February 26 to June 4, 2020. The results show that the press is mentioned in 36% of the content; 40% of which represents criticism, 28% verbal attacks and 26% media discredit.
Translated title of the contributionViolence against journalists on Jair Bolsonaro's YouTube channel : analysis of the first 100 days of the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)4-36
Number of pages32
JournalBrazilian Journalism Research. Journalism Theory, Research and Criticism.
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Jair Bolsonaro
  • Attacks on the press
  • Covid-19
  • Digital methods
  • YouTube
  • Ataques à imprensa
  • Métodos digitais

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