Vehicular Visible Light Communication for Intersection Management †

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

An innovative treatment for congested urban road networks is the split intersection. Here, a congested two-way–two-way traffic light-controlled intersection is transformed into two lighter intersections. By reducing conflict points and improving travel time, it facilitates smoother flow with less driver delay. We propose a visible light communication system based on Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V), Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) and Infrastructure-to-Vehicle (I2V) communications able to safely manage vehicles crossing through an intersection, leveraging Edge of Things (EoT) facilities. Headlights, street lamps, and traffic signals are used by connected vehicles to communicate with one another and with infrastructure. Through internally installed Driver Agents, an Intersection Manager coordinates traffic flow and interacts with vehicles. For the safe passage of vehicles across intersections, request/response mechanisms and time and space relative pose concepts are used. A virtual scenario is proposed, and a “mesh/cellular” hybrid architecture used. Light signals are emitted by transmitters by encoding, modulating, and converting data. Optical sensors with light-filtering properties are used as receivers and decoders. The VLC request/response concept uplink and downlink communication between the infrastructure and the vehicles is tested. Based on the results, the short-range mesh network provides a secure communication path between street lamp controllers and edge computers through neighbor traffic light controllers that have active cellular connections, as well as peer-to-peer communication, allowing V-VLC ready cars to exchange information.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-477
Number of pages21
JournalSignals
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • OOK modulation scheme
  • SiC photodetectors
  • split intersection
  • traffic control
  • vehicle pose connectivity
  • vehicular communication
  • vehicular visible light communication (V-VLC)
  • white LEDs

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