Vehicular visible light communication: A road-to-vehicle proof of concept

M. A. Vieira, M. A. Vieira, P. Louro, P. Vieira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper proposes the use of Visible Light Communication (VLC) in Vehicular Communication Systems for vehicle safety applications. A vehicle lighting system that combines the functions of illumination, signaling, communications, and positioning is presented. Using traffic signals, applies the connected vehicle concept to traditional intersections. A generic model of cooperative transmissions for vehicular communications services is established, which share the common features among diverse vehicular communications scenarios. Three specific vehicular communications are analyzed. One is for Infrastructure-to-Vehicle (I2V) communications from the street lamps, located on roadside, to the vehicles; the other is for in line Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) communications and the last for Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) communications from cars to the traffic lights, at the crossroad. For the V2V and V2I communication study, the emitter was developed based on the vehicle headlights, whereas for the study of I2V communication system, the emitter was built based on streetlights, whose primary purpose is to provide illumination, and are also used for data communication if modulated at fast rates. The VLC receivers extract the data from the modulated light beam coming from the LEDs emitters. The receivers consist in a double SiC pi'npin photodetector, with light filtering characteristics, located at the rooftop of the vehicle, for I2V communications; at the traffic lights, for V2I; and at the tails, for V2V reception. Clusters of emitters, in a square topology, are used in the I2V transmission. The encoded message contains ID code of each emitter concomitantly with a traffic message that is received, decoded and resent to another vehicle (V2V) or to traffic light, in the crossroad. An algorithm to decode the information at the receivers is established. A phasing traffic flow is presented as a proof of concept. The experimental results, confirmed that the proposed cooperative VLC architecture is suitable for the intended applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptical Sensing and Detection V
EditorsFrancis Berghmans, Anna G. Mignani
PublisherSPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
ISBN (Electronic)9781510618862
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventOptical Sensing and Detection V 2018 - Strasbourg, France
Duration: 23 Apr 201826 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10680
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceOptical Sensing and Detection V 2018
CountryFrance
CityStrasbourg
Period23/04/1826/04/18

Keywords

  • and Traffic control
  • I2V
  • OOK modulation
  • SiC photodetectors
  • V2I and V2V Vehicular communication
  • Visible Light Communication
  • white LEDs

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  • Cite this

    Vieira, M. A., Vieira, M. A., Louro, P., & Vieira, P. (2018). Vehicular visible light communication: A road-to-vehicle proof of concept. In F. Berghmans, & A. G. Mignani (Eds.), Optical Sensing and Detection V [106800J] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10680). SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2306580