Variability of Root System Size and Distribution among Coffea canephora Genotypes

Raquel Schmidt, Larícia Olária Emerick Silva, Adésio Ferreira, Ivoney Gontijo, Rubens José Guimarães, José C. Ramalho, Fábio Luiz Partelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
84 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This work aimed to evaluate the variability in the distribution of the root system among genotypes of C. canephora cv. Conilon and indicate management strategies for a more efficient mineral fertilization. Root distribution was evaluated in six genotypes. The experimental design was in randomized blocks with three replications. Soil monoliths measuring about 27 cm3 were collected at six different soil depths, at three row distances and nine distances of inter-row planting. The collections were carried out in one plant of each repetition. In total, 1296 samples were evaluated. The roots were washed, digitized and processed to quantify length density, volume, surface area and diameter. The distribution of the root system was characterized using semivariograms. It was observed that the highest concentration of roots occurred in the distances close to the irrigation drippers. There was variation in the distribution of the root system among the genotypes. However, in general, the root system is concentrated at a depth of 0 to 20 cm in the soil, at distances up to 50 cm in the planting row and up to 60 cm in inter-rows. Therefore, the greatest efficiency in nutritional management can be achieved by applying fertilizers within a radius of 50 cm around the plant.

Original languageEnglish
Article number647
Number of pages12
JournalAgronomy
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Biodiversity
  • Conilon coffee
  • Robusta coffee
  • Root distribution
  • Semivariograms

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