Valorization of cork using subcritical water

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Abstract

Granulated cork was submitted to subcritical water extraction/hydrolysis in a semi-continuous reactor at temperatures in the range of 120–200 C and with a constant pressure of 100 bar. The influence of temperature on the composition of the cork extracts obtained was assessed—namely, their content of carbohydrates and phenolics. The extraction yield increased with the temperature, and this was associated with the decrease in the dielectric constant of water and the increase in its ionic product. Extracts composed of up to 36% phenolics were obtained at temperatures of up to 120 C, with an antioxidant activity only two times lower than that of pure gallic acid, but in low amounts. Assays at higher temperatures generated extracts richer in carbohydrates and with a phenolics content of ca. 20 wt.% in comparatively far higher amounts. Neither the amount of suberin nor its structure were affected by the subcritical water treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4695
JournalMolecules
Volume25
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Antioxidant activity
  • Carbohydrates
  • Cork
  • Phenolics
  • Quercus suber L
  • Subcritical water

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