Comprehensive geriatric assessment of older patients and associated factors of admission to Emergency Departments in pre-covid 19 Era: a Portuguese study

Translated title of the contribution: Valoración geriátrica integral de pacientes mayores y factores asociados de frecuentación en servicios de urgencias en la Era pre-covid19: un estudio Português

Isabel Pulido, Carla Nunes, Amália Botelho, Manuel Lopes, Sónia Martins, Luis Tomé, Francisco Dinis, Paulo Boto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Identifying frequent users' (≥3admissions/year) associated factors in an emergency department (ED), using a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA), describing the characteristics of patients over 65 years of age.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed between August 2017 and June 2018 in an ED in Lisbon, Portugal. CGA was applied and completed with clinical records. Clinical, functional, mental and social scores were created based in Portuguese Society of Internal Medicine, and a statistical model was developed.

RESULTS: CGA was applied to 426 patients over 64 years old in an ED. The mean age was 79.3, 84.7% had multimorbidity. 51.2%, 75.6%, and 40% had dependence on basic, instrumental, and walking activities, respectively. 52% had depressive symptoms, 65.7% had cognitive impairment, 63% were undernourished/at risk for malnutrition. 33.1% were socially at risk. Polypharmacy was present with a use on average of 6.5 drugs daily. Social, clinical, functional, and mental scores were unfavourable in 48.6%, 79.6%, 54.9% and 83.1% of the population, respectively. There were 2.7 hospital admissions/year and 39.9% were frequent ED users (≥3/year). The logistic regression model was weak, but showed that patients with polypharmacy, elevated Charlson Comorbidity index and an impairment nutritional status presented higher risk of being frequent users.

CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that 97.1% of patients had needs that would justify an interventional care plan. This intervention should be extended to primary care and nursing homes. While not providing a robust model, our study has indicated nutritional problems, polypharmacy, and an elevated Charlson index as the features with more weight in frequent users' admissions.

Translated title of the contributionValoración geriátrica integral de pacientes mayores y factores asociados de frecuentación en servicios de urgencias en la Era pre-covid19: un estudio Português
Original languageMultiple languages
JournalRevista espanola de geriatria y gerontologia
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Sep 2022

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