Usos del passado en las sociedades ibéricas: presentismo y memoria-prótesis

Translated title of the contribution: Uses of the Past in Iberic Societies: Presenteeism and Memory Prosthesis

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Abstract

A partir de un planteamiento teórico sobre la “cultura de la memoria” de finales del siglo XX, este artículo propone un análisis comparativo sobre las fases de la memoria pública en Portugal y en España. Las especificidades de los respectivos procesos de democratización son fundamentales para la comprensión de cada caso: en Portugal, la ruptura revolucionaria, el 25 de abril de 1974; en España, el precedente de la guerra civil (1936-39) que ha tenido influencia en los principales aspectos de la Transición.

Based on a theoretical approach on “memorial culture”, which characterizes contemporary societies of the end of the twentieth century, this article proposes a comparative analysis of Portuguese and Spanish phases of public memory. The specificities of each case’s respective processes of democratization are important to explain the subsequent construction of memorial discourse in the public sphere: the Portuguese revolutionary upheaval on April 25, 1974; the precedent of the Spanish civil war (1936-39), which has had an influence on the main aspects of the Spanish transition to democracy.
Translated title of the contributionUses of the Past in Iberic Societies: Presenteeism and Memory Prosthesis
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)84-101
Number of pages18
JournalClepsidra - Revista Interdisciplinaria de Estudios sobre Memoria
Volume4
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Memoria
  • revisionismo histórico
  • Revolución de los Claveles
  • transición española
  • Public Memory
  • Historical Revisionism
  • 1974 Portuguese Revolution
  • Carnation Revolution
  • Spanish Transition to Democracy

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