Unveiling the membrane bound dihydroorotate: Quinone oxidoreductase from Staphylococcus aureus

Filipe M. Sousa, Patrícia Pires, Andreia Barreto, Patrícia N. Refojo, Micael S. Silva, Pedro B. Fernandes, Ana P. Carapeto, Tiago T. Robalo, Mário S. Rodrigues, Mariana G. Pinho, Eurico J. Cabrita, Manuela M. Pereira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic pathogen and one of the most frequent causes for community acquired and nosocomial bacterial infections. Even so, its energy metabolism is still under explored and its respiratory enzymes have been vastly overlooked. In this work, we unveil the dihydroorotate:quinone oxidoreductase (DHOQO) from S. aureus, the first example of a DHOQO from a Gram-positive organism. This protein was shown to be a FMN containing menaquinone reducing enzyme, presenting a Michaelis-Menten behaviour towards the two substrates, which was inhibited by Brequinar, Leflunomide, Lapachol, HQNO, Atovaquone and TFFA with different degrees of effectiveness. Deletion of the DHOQO coding gene (Δdhoqo) led to lower bacterial growth rates, and effected in cell morphology and metabolism, most importantly in the pyrimidine biosynthesis, here systematized for S. aureus MW2 for the first time. This work unveils the existence of a functional DHOQO in the respiratory chain of the pathogenic bacterium S. aureus, enlarging the understanding of its energy metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number148948
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume1864
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Bacterial respiration
  • DHODH
  • electron transfer
  • Flavoprotein
  • FMN
  • Quinone
  • Respiratory chain
  • Staphylococcus aureus

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