Unveiling the mechanism of action of 7α-acetoxy-6β-hydroxyroyleanone on an mrsa/visa strain: Membrane and cell wall interactions

Filipe Pereira, Teresa A. Figueiredo, Rodrigo F. M. de Almeida, Catarina A. C. Antunes, Catarina Garcia, Catarina P. Reis, Lia Ascensão, Rita G. Sobral, Patricia Rijo

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Abstract

The number of cases of failure in the treatment of infections associated with resistant bacteria is on the rise, due to the decreasing efficacy of current antibiotics. Notably, 7α-Acetoxy-6β-hydroxyroyleanone (AHR), a diterpene isolated from different Plectranthus species, showed antibacterial activity, namely against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. The high antibacterial activity and low cytotoxicity render this natural compound an interesting alternative against resistant bacteria. The aim of this study is to understand the mechanism of action of AHR on MRSA, using the MRSA/Vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA) strain CIP 106760, and to study the AHR effect on lipid bilayers and on the cell wall. Although AHR interacted with lipid bilayers, it did not have a significant effect on membrane passive permeability. Alternatively, bacteria treated with this royleanone displayed cell wall disruption, without revealing cell lysis. In conclusion, the results gathered so far point to a yet undescribed mode of action that needs further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number983
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalBiomolecules
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • 7α-Acetoxy-6β-hydroxyroyleanone
  • Antibacterial activity
  • Cell wall
  • MRSA
  • Membrane interaction

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