Unsymmetrical Chelation of N-Thioether-Functionalized Bis(diphenylphosphino)amine-Type Ligands and Substituent Effects on the Nuclearity of Iron(II) Complexes: Structures, Magnetism, and Bonding

Christophe Fliedel, Vitor Rosa, Andrés Falceto, Patrick Rosa, Santiago Alvarez, Pierre Braunstein

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Starting from the short-bite ligands N-thioether-functionalized bis(diphenylphosphino)amine-type (Ph 2 P) 2 N(CH 2 ) 3 SMe (1) and (Ph 2 P) 2 N(p-C 6 H 4 )SMe (2), the Fe(II) complexes [FeCl2(1)] n (3), [FeCl 2 (2)] 2 (4), [Fe(OAc)(1) 2 ]PF 6 (5), and [Fe(OAc)(2) 2 ]PF 6 (6) were synthesized and characterized by Fourier transform IR, mass spectrometry, elemental analysis, and also by X-ray diffraction for 3, 4, and 6. Complex 3 is a coordination polymer in which 1 acts as a P,P-pseudochelate and a (P,P),S-bridge, whereas 4 has a chlorido-bridged dinuclear structure in which 2 acts only as a P,P-pseudochelate. Since these complexes were obtained under strictly similar synthetic and crystallization conditions, these unexpected differences were ascribed to the different spacer between the nitrogen atom and the -SMe group. In both compounds, one Fe-P bond was found to be unusually long, and a theoretical analysis was performed to unravel the electronic or steric reasons for this difference. Density functional theory calculations were performed for a set of complexes of general formula [FeCl 2 (SR 2 ){R2 1 PN(R 2 )P′R2 3 }] (R = H, Me; R 1 , R 2 , and R 3 = H, Me, Ph), to understand the reasons for the significant deviation of the iron coordination sphere away from tetrahedral as well as from trigonal bipyramidal and the varying degree of unsymmetry of the two Fe-P bonds involving pseudochelating PN(R)P ligands. Electronic factors nicely explain the observed structures, and steric reasons were further ruled out by the structural analysis in the solid-state of the bis-chelated complex 6, which displays usual and equivalent Fe-P bond lengths. Magnetic susceptibility studies were performed to examine how the structural differences between 3 and 4 would affect the interactions between the iron centers, and it was concluded that 3 behaves as an isolated high-spin Fe(II) mononuclear complex, while significant intra- and intermolecular ferromagnetic interactions were evidenced for 4 at low temperatures. Complexes 3 and 4 were also tested in catalytic ethylene oligomerization but did not exhibit any significant activity under the studied conditions. (Chemical Equation Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6547-6559
Number of pages13
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume54
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2015

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