Abstract

We report on the new microplate horn ultrasonic device as a powerful tool to speed proteomics workflows with unparalleled throughput. 96 complex proteomes were digested at the same time in 4 min. Variables such as ultrasonication time, ultrasonication amplitude, and protein to enzyme ratio were optimized. The “classic” method relying on overnight protein digestion (12 h) and the sonoreactor-based method were also employed for comparative purposes. We found the protein digestion efficiency homogeneously distributed in the entire microplate horn surface using the following conditions: 4 min sonication time and 25% amplitude. Using this approach, patients with lymphoma and myeloma were classified using principal component analysis and a 2D gel-mass spectrometry based approach. Furthermore, we demonstrate the excellent performance by using MALDI-mass spectrometry based profiling as a fast way to classify patients with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and ankylosing spondylitis. Finally, the speed and simplicity of this method were demonstrated by clustering 90 patients with knee osteoarthritis disease (30), with a prosthesis (30, control group) and healthy individuals (30) with no history of joint disease. Overall, the new approach allows profiling a disease in just one week while allows to match the minimalism rules as outlined by Halls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1067-1076
Number of pages10
JournalTalanta
Volume178
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Cancer
  • Disease
  • Method
  • Sample treatment
  • Ultrasound

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