Uniform and Non-Uniform Pumping Effect on Ce:Nd:YAG Side-Pumped Solar Laser Output Performance

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The Ce:Nd:YAG is a recent active medium in solar-pumped lasers with great potential. This study focuses on the influence of two secondary concentrators: a fused silica aspherical lens and a rectangular fused silica light guide; and consequent pump light distribution on the output performance of a Ce:Nd:YAG side-pumped solar laser. The solar laser head with the aspherical lens concentrated the incident pump light on the central region of the rod, producing the highest continuous-wave 1064 nm solar laser power of 19.6 W from the Ce:Nd:YAG medium. However, the non-uniformity of the absorbed pump profile produced by the aspherical lens led to the rod fracture because of the high thermal load, limiting the maximum laser power. Nevertheless, the solar laser head with the light guide uniformly spread the pump light along the laser rod, minimizing the thermal load issues and producing a maximum laser power of 17.4 W. Despite the slight decrease in laser power, the use of the light guide avoided the laser rod fracture, demonstrating its potential to scale to higher laser power. Therefore, the pumping distribution on the rod may play a fundamental role for Ce:Nd:YAG solar laser systems design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3577
Number of pages12
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2022


  • aspherical lens
  • Ce:Nd:YAG
  • light guide
  • side-pumped
  • solar laser
  • uniformity


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