Underwriting Democracy: Portugal and European Economic Community’s Accession

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In the 1960s and early 1970s, Portugal’s first two attempts to become more involved with the European Economic Community (EEC) and gain membership met with failure, mainly for one reason: the undemocratic nature of the Portuguese regime. In 1977, only three years after the overturn of the Estado Novo, Portugal applied to become a full member of the EEC with new political credentials. This article contributes to the understanding of the link between democracy and accession to the EEC, assessing the role that democratic principles, acknowledged in several political reports and enshrined in the Treaty of Rome, played at a very early stage in the Portuguese negotiations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-58
Number of pages12
JournalCahiers de la Méditerranée
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Accession
  • Democracy
  • European Economic Community (EEC)
  • Portugal


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