Understanding the mechanisms of L-shell x-ray emission from Os atoms bombarded by 4-6 MeV/u fluorine ion

Soumya Chatterjee, Sunil Kumar, Sarvesh Kumar, M. Oswal, Biraja Mohanty, D. Mehta, D. Mitra, A. M. P. Mendez, D. M. Mitnik, C. C. Montanari, L. Sarkadi, T. Nandi

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2 Citations (Scopus)


The L-subshell ionization mechanism is studied in an ultra-thin Os target bombarded by 4-6 MeV/u fluorine ions. Multiple ionization effects are considered through the change of fluorescence and Coster-Kronig yields while determining L-subshell ionization cross sections from L x-ray production cross sections. The present experimental values are compared with various theoretical approximations: (i) the relativistic semi-classical approximation (RSCA), (ii) the shellwise local plasma approximation (SLPA), and (iii) the ECUSAR theory. We also take into account the vacancy sharing among the subshells by the coupled-states model (CSM) and the electron capture (EC) by a standard formalism. We find that the ECUSAR-CSM-EC describes the measured excitation function curves the best. However, the theoretical calculations are still about a factor of two smaller than the measured values even though the recent fluorescence and Coster-Kronig yields are considered. Hence, a re-evaluation of these parameters is a challenge for the theoretical works. Whatsoever, this work leads to demonstrate that in the present energy range the heavy-ion induced inner-shell ionization of the heavy atoms can be understood by combining the direct Coulomb ionization, the electron capture, and the vacancy sharing among subshells, together with optimizing the atomic parameters. Optimization of the atomic parameters shows that our experimental results agree with theoretical vacancy production theories if the L1 fluorescence yield is nearly doubled. Such a optimization is validated by the proton induced L-shell ionization data of uranium atoms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045405
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalPhysica Scripta
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2022


  • charge state distribution
  • electron capture
  • multiple ionization


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