Un cas de réception de la médecine de Georg-Ernst Stahl parmi les Lumières portugaises: l’Historiologia Médica de José Rodrigues de Abreu

Translated title of the contribution: A case of receiving medici ne from Georg-Ernst Stahl

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Like his understanding of Chemistry, the medical conception of Georg-Ernst Stahl (1659-1714) circulated throughout Europe, motivating multiple debates, the best known with Leibniz, on the living, at a particularly fruitful moment in scientific thought. Indeed, this relevance was due to the way in which he intended to focus medicine on the human, conciliating vitalism and iatromechanism in a formula in which the agent soul imposes a regime of rationality on the organic body, resurrecting it successively from rot, ruling it through vital movements, and therefore keeping it alive. Although the Portuguese physicians of the time followed preferentially the mechanistic current, Stahl also had a partisan in the context of the Portuguese Illustration: Jose Rodrigues de Abreu (1682-1782). In his work Historiologia Medica, he enthusiastically welcomes the epistemological background of the program of the Germanic as well as the essential of his philosophical Anthropology, considering them not only adequate to the practice of the clinic, but also to the principles of the Religion of whose orthodoxy the Catholic Enlightenment didn't intend to move away. In this paper we follow the processes of such a reception, comparing the theses of both authors, in order to identify the reasons that attend a loyalty that nonetheless does not fail to suffer some significant deviations.
Translated title of the contributionA case of receiving medici ne from Georg-Ernst Stahl
Original languageMultiple languages
Pages (from-to)43-59
Number of pages17
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Georg-Ernst Stahl
  • Jose Rodrigues de abreu
  • History of medical thought
  • Enlightenments
  • Epistemology
  • Philosophy of culture


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