Two glucose/xylose transporter genes from the yeast Candida intermedia: First molecular characterization of a yeast xylose-H+ symporter

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Abstract

Candida intermedia PYCC 4715 was previously shown to grow well on xylose and to transport this sugar by two different transport systems: high-capacity and low-affinity facilitated diffusion and a high-affinity xylose-proton symporter, both of which accept glucose as a substrate. Here we report the isolation of genes encoding both transporters, designated GXF1 (glucose/xylose facilitator 1) and GXS1 (glucose/xylose symporter 1) respectively. Although GXF1 was isolated by functional complementation of an HXT-null (where Hxt refers to hexose transporters) Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, isolation of the GXS1 cDNA required partial purification and micro-sequencing of the transporter, identified by its relative abundance in cells grown on low xylose concentrations. Both genes were expressed in S. cerevisiae and the kinetic parameters of glucose and xylose transport were determined. Gxs1 is the first yeast xylose/glucose-H+ symporter to be characterized at the molecular level. Comparison of its amino acid sequence with available sequence data revealed the existence of a family of putative monosaccharide-H+ symporters encompassing proteins from several yeasts and filamentous fungi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-549
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume395
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2006

Keywords

  • Candida intermedia
  • Membrane protein
  • Sugar transport
  • Xylose/glucose-H symport

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