Two Early Thirteenth-Century Fragments from Coimbra and Braga

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Abstract

This article consists of a study of two fragments from Coimbra and Braga that once were part of nearly contemporary noted breviaries. The Coimbra fragment is part of the collection of the University of Coimbra General Library. The Braga fragment was once in the District Archive of Braga, but disappeared after 1997, around the time when this archive’s collections of parchment fragments were reorganised, and is nowadays only available in photographs. The parallel study of the two fragments provides insights into how to deal methodologically and critically with the difficulties in differentiating the uses of the Cathedrals of Braga and Coimbra. In order to determine their hypothetical dating, origin, and liturgical affiliation, the contents of each of the fragments—including the type and particularities of notation and script, choice of texts, and melodic traditions and idioms—are described and analysed by comparing them with a significant selection of sources mostly representing Aquitanian-Iberian, and Southern-, Central- and North-Eastern French liturgical and chant traditions.

Este artigo consiste no estudo de dois fragmentos de Coimbra e de Braga, que outrora fizeram parte de breviários notados quase contemporâneos. O fragmento de Coimbra integra o acervo da Biblioteca Geral da Universidade de Coimbra. O fragmento de Braga esteve outrora guardado no Arquivo Distrital de Braga, mas desapareceu depois de 1997, altura em que as colecções de fragmentos de pergaminho deste arquivo foram reorganizadas, sobrevivendo hoje apenas em fotografias. O estudo paralelo dos dois fragmentos permite vislumbrar metodologias para lidar criticamente com as dificuldades em diferenciar os usos da Sé de Braga e da Sé de Coimbra. A fim de determinar a sua hipotética datação, origem e filiação litúrgica, o conteúdo de cada um dos fragmentos – incluindo o tipo e particularidades da notação e da escrita, escolha de textos e tradições e idiomas melódicos – é descrito e analisado, comparando-o com uma selecção significativa de fontes que representam, principalmente, as tradições litúrgicas e de canto aquitana-ibérica e do Sul, Centro e Nordeste de França.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-76
Number of pages34
JournalRevista Portuguesa de Musicologia / Portuguese Journal of Musicology
Volume8
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Fragments
  • Noted breviaries
  • Portuguese medieval liturgical uses
  • Coimbra Cathedral
  • Diocese of Braga
  • Franco-Roman chant traditions and idioms
  • Fragmentos
  • Breviários notados
  • Usos litúrgicos medievais portugueses
  • Sé de Coimbra
  • Diocese de Braga
  • Tradições e idiomas de canto franco-romano

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