Two-dimensional material inks

Sergio Pinilla, João Coelho, Ke Li, Ji Liu, Valeria Nicolosi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The development of new and more accurate fabrication technologies has, in the past few years, boosted interest in advanced device manufacturing. 2D materials, thanks to their diverse properties and dispersibility in liquid carriers, constitute a rich toolbox for ink-based applications. However, the lack of standardized production methods offering a good compromise between performance and affordability has so far been a limiting factor for the application of 2D inks. In this Review, we provide a comprehensive description of the steps involved in device fabrication for different applications, from material selection and ink formulation to printing strategies and device assembly. We conclude with a critical overview of the main scientific and technical limitations currently faced by 2D inks and the related printing technologies, and discuss their market penetration and implementation stage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-735
Number of pages19
JournalNature Reviews Materials
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


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