Trefftz methods with cracklets and their relation to BEM and MFS

Carlos J. S. Alves, Nuno F. M. Martins, Svilen S. Valtchev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper we consider Trefftz methods which are based on functions defined by single layer or double layer potentials, integrals of the fundamental solution, or their normal derivative, on cracks. These functions are called cracklets, and satisfy the partial differential equation, as long as the crack support is not placed inside the domain. A boundary element method (BEM) interpretation is to consider these cracks as elements of the original boundary, in a direct BEM approach, or elements of an artificial boundary, in an indirect BEM approach. In this paper we consider the cracklets just as basis functions in Trefftz methods, as the method of fundamental solutions (MFS). We focus on the 2D Laplace equation, and establish some comparisons and connections between these methods with cracklets and standard approaches like the BEM, indirect BEM, and the MFS. Namely, we propose the enrichment of the MFS basis with the cracklets. Several numerical simulations are presented to test the performance of the methods, in particular comparing the results with the MFS and the BEM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-104
Number of pages12
JournalEngineering Analysis With Boundary Elements
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


  • Boundary element method
  • Cracklets
  • Method of fundamental solutions
  • Trefftz method


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