Training Multilayer Perceptrons with Threshold Activation Functions with Mixed Integer Linear Programming

José Barahona da Fonseca, DEE Group Author

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


- In the last four years we developed techniques to solve simple nonlinear problems with linear optimisation models like Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) [1] and then we reach the conclusion that we can use those techniques to solve a much more complex nonlinear problem: the calculation of the weights of a hardlimit multilayer perceptron (HMLP), an open problem since the work Perceptrons of Minsky and Papert [2]. We describe the MIP model that solves this problem implemented with the GAMS software and then we apply it to the three variable XOR and we obtained a solution with only three hardlimit neurons. We also made an experiment with the function sin(x)/x, x varying between 0 and 120p, x initialised in 120p, and in few seconds our adapted MIP model converged to the global maximum at 0.
Original languageUnknown
Title of host publicationProceedings da Conferencia Engenharias 2009
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009
EventEngenharias 2009 -
Duration: 1 Jan 2009 → …


ConferenceEngenharias 2009
Period1/01/09 → …

Cite this