Toxicological evaluation of luminescent silica nanoparticles as new drug nanocarriers in different cancer cell lines

Gonçalo Marcelo, Jessica Ariana-Machado, Maria Enea, Helena Carmo, Benito Rodríguez-González, José Luis Capelo, Carlos Lodeiro, Elisabete Oliveira

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Abstract

Luminescent mesoporous silica nanoparticles, CdTeQDs@MNs@PEG1, SiQDs@Isoc@MNs and SiQDs@Isoc@MNs@PEG2, were successfully synthetized and characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD, N2 nitrogen isotherms, 1H NMR, IR, absorption, and emission spectroscopy. Cytotoxic evaluation of these nanoparticles was performed in relevant in vitro cell models, such as human hepatoma HepG2, human brain endothelial (hCMEC/D3), and human epithelial colorectal adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) cell lines. None of the tested nanoparticles showed significant cytotoxicity in any of the three performed assays (MTT/NR/ LDH) compared with the respective solvent and/or coating controls, excepting for CdTeQDs@MNs@PEG1 nanoparticles, where significant toxicity was noticed in hCMEC/D3 cells. The results presented reveal that SiQDs-based mesoporous silica nanoparticles are promising nanoplatforms for cancer treatment, with a pH-responsive drug release profile and the ability to load 80% of doxorubicin.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1310
JournalMaterials
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2018

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Keywords

  • Cytotoxicity
  • Drug delivery
  • Luminescence mesoporous silica nanoparticles

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