Towards the Recovery of By-Product Metals from Mine Wastes: An X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy Study on the Binding State of Rhenium in Debris from a Centennial Iberian Pyrite Belt Mine

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Abstract

Rhenium is a very scarce element, occurring in the Earth's crust mainly carried by molybdenite (MoS one of the most expensive mineral commodities and an increased interest is focused on exploring residues resulting from a long-term mining, particularly of sulphide ore deposits. It is therefore noteworthy to assign the presence of rhenium (in a concentration up to 3 ppm) in the waste materials from the old sulphur factory at the abandoned mine of São Domingos (Iberian Pyrite Belt, Southeast Portugal), exploited since the Roman occupation of Iberia. Aiming at a potential sustainable recovery of rhenium as a by-product, X-ray near-edge absorption spectroscopy (XANES) was applied to clarify the Re-binding and mode of occurrence by comparing Re XANES spectra obtained from mine waste samples (previously fully characterized by X-ray laboratory techniques) with similar spectra collected from Re-rich molybdenites (Mo Re-O model compounds configuring various valences and coordination environments of rhenium ions. Obtained results are commented, ruling out a possible Re-S binding and rather conforming with the binding of rhenium to oxygen in the analysed mine waste materials.2). Due to a very low availability comparative to actual industrial demand, rhenium is nowadaysL3-edge1−xRexS2) and from
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)135-143
JournalJournal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering
Volume2
Issue numberNA
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

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