Towards fast invariant preservation in geo-replicated systems

Valter Balegas, Sérgio Duarte, Carla Ferreira, Rodrigo Rodrigues, Nuno Preguiça, Mahsa Najafzadeh, Marc Shapiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Today's global services and applications are expected to be highly available, scale to an unprecedented number of clients, and offer reliable, low-latency operations. This can be achieved through geo-replication, particularly when data consistency is relaxed. There are, however, applications whose data must obey global invariants at all times. Strong consistency protocols easily address this issue, but require global coordination among replicas and inevitably degrade application throughput and latency. While coordination is an inherent requirement for maintaining global application invariants, there are instances where coordination on a per operation basis can be avoided. In particular, it has been shown that either moving coordination outside the critical path for executing operations, or having one coordination round for multiple operations, are both effective ways to maintain global invariants and avoid most of the penalties of coordination. However, current georeplication protocols still have not taken advantage of these observations. In this paper, we review the design space of current solutions for building geo-replicated applications and present our guiding vision towards a general technique for providing global application invariants under eventual consistency, as a much cheaper alternative to strong consistency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-125
Number of pages5
JournalOperating Systems Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2015
Event8th Workshop on Large-Scale Distributed Systems and Middleware (LADIS 2014) - Cambridge, United Kingdom
Duration: 23 Oct 201424 Oct 2014
Conference number: 8th


  • Data consistency
  • Eventual consistency
  • Global applications
  • Global coordination
  • Inherent requirements
  • Multiple operations
  • Replicated systems
  • Strong consistency


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