Towards an assessment tool of anobiid damage of pine timber structures

Lina Nunes, João L. Parracha, Paulina Faria, Pedro Palma, António Maurício, Manuel F.C. Pereira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The safety assessment of old timber structures is an important issue, due to the long-term behaviour of wood and the structural complexity found in some older constructions. If the structure is degraded due to the action of wood-boring insects, the complexity of the analysis increases. The objective of this work was to evaluate the impact of anobiid beetles’ attack on old timber structures. One major difficulty concerns the assessment of the effective strength of timber cross sections with anobiid damage. This happens because beetles’ attack produces a diffuse damage, with a set of tunnels in random directions. Compression parallel to the grain and screw withdrawal tests have been made in pine naturally degraded by anobiids (natural samples – NS) and in pine with artificially bored galleries (artificial samples – AS). 216 samples were tested (97 to screw withdrawal and 119 to compression). The original density of NS is unknown. For AS, 0.7% and 1.4% of lost material was simulated. Screw withdrawal and compression force values were related with density for AS ( = 0.52 for compression; = 0.56 for screw withdrawal). The results show a significant variation between the average results obtained both to the compression (42.9 MPa – AS; 27.2 MPa – NS) and to the pullout (3.4 KN – AS; 2.2 KN – NS). Although there was an attempt to simulate the degradation by woodworm with the AS, with known density, the test results were significantly different from those obtained for the NS, where the percentage of lost material is unknown, as well as initial density. Thus, knowledge of residual timber density seems to be paramount to know the level of deterioration and the real impact of this on a structure. Further developments on this issue are ongoing.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIABSE Symposium, Guimaraes 2019: Towards a Resilient Built Environment Risk and Asset Management - Report
PublisherInternational Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE)
Pages1734-1741
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9783857481635
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
EventIABSE Symposium 2019 Guimaraes: Towards a Resilient Built Environment - Risk and Asset Management - Guimaraes, Portugal
Duration: 27 Mar 201929 Mar 2019

Conference

ConferenceIABSE Symposium 2019 Guimaraes: Towards a Resilient Built Environment - Risk and Asset Management
CountryPortugal
CityGuimaraes
Period27/03/1929/03/19

Keywords

  • Anobiid infestation
  • Damage
  • Residual strength
  • Sustainability
  • Timber structures

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