Three-dimensional planning tool for breast conserving surgery: A technological review

Sara P. Oliveira, Pedro Morgado, Pedro F. Gouveia, João F. Teixeira, Sílvia Bessa, João P. Monteiro, Hooshiar Zolfagharnasab, Marta Reis, Nuno L. Silva, Diana Veiga, Maria J. Cardoso, Hélder P. Oliveira, Manuel João Ferreira

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Breast cancer is one of the most common malignanciesaffecting women worldwide. However, despite its incidence trends have increased, the mortality rate has significantly decreased. The primary concern in any cancer treatment is the oncological outcome but, in the case of breast cancer, the surgery aesthetic result has become an important quality indicator for breast cancer patients. In this sense, an adequate surgical planning and prediction tool would empower the patient regarding the treatment decision process, enabling a better communication between the surgeon and the patient and a better understanding of the impact of each surgical option. To develop such tool, it is necessary to create complete 3D model of the breast, integrating both inner and outer breast data. In this review, we thoroughly explore and review the major existing works that address, directly or not, the technical challenges involved in the development of a 3D software planning tool in the field of breast conserving surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-580
Number of pages58
JournalCritical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Aesthetic outcome
  • Breast cancer
  • Breast conserving surgery
  • Breast modeling
  • Surgical planning
  • Three-dimensional imaging


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