Considerações sobre o papel da Geologia e seus atores no universo arqueológico de António dos Santos Rocha

Translated title of the contribution: Thoughts on the role of Geology and its actors in the archaeological universe of António dos Santos Rocha

Pedro Miguel Callapez, José Manuel Brandão, Miguel de Carvalho, Pedro A. Dinis, Ricardo Jorge Pimentel, José M. Soares Pinto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

The geological nature of a territory is one of the influential factors of human occupation. A close relationship exists between the location of archaeological sites, landscape and geological substrate. The physical area of Figueira da Foz
records numerous examples of this connection. António dos Santos Rocha was probably aware of its importance for the Recent Prehistory and Protohistory primitive settlement that was established around the calcareous massif of Serra
da Boa Viagem. For this innovative approach, he benefited from published fieldwork studies and regular collaborations with several geologists, including Nery Delgado and Paul Choffat from the Geological Commission of Portugal, and also Gonçalves Guimarães, professor of the University of Coimbra. The first got married and owned a house in Figueira da Foz. He designed the first water
supply project for the town and played a significant influence on Santos Rocha’s studies on the Neolithic. Guimarães was a member of the commission that
validated the first archaeological discoveries. Choffat studied the Jurassic geology of the Cape Mondego coalmine and the Serra da Boa Viagem massif, where many of the sites discovered by Santos Rocha were located. He also assisted him in the study of the Casal Verde flint. This multifaceted relationship is one of the most interesting early examples of collaboration with geologists in the historiography of Portuguese Archaeology.
Translated title of the contributionThoughts on the role of Geology and its actors in the archaeological universe of António dos Santos Rocha
Original languagePortuguese
Title of host publicationSantos Rocha, arqueologia e territórios da Figueira da Foz
EditorsAna Margarida Ferreira, Raquel Vilaça
Place of PublicationFigueira da Foz, Coimbra
PublisherMunicípio da Figueira da Foz/ Instituto de Arqueologia - Universidade de Coimbra
Pages44-61
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)978-989-8903-48-8
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventColóquio Santos Rocha, Arqueologia e Territórios da Figueira da Foz - Figueira da Foz, Portugal
Duration: 21 Nov 201922 Nov 2019

Publication series

NameConimbriga. Anexos
Number7

Conference

ConferenceColóquio Santos Rocha, Arqueologia e Territórios da Figueira da Foz
Country/TerritoryPortugal
CityFigueira da Foz
Period21/11/1922/11/19

Keywords

  • Geologia
  • História da Arqueologia
  • Pré-história
  • Santos Rocha
  • Figueira da Foz

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