Thermomechanical Treatments for Ni-Ti Alloys

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Thermomechanical treatments for shape memory alloys (SMA) are found to be one of the more economical, simpler, and efficient methods adopted for manipulating the transformation properties. The stability of phase transformation has been found to depend upon the thermomechanical treatments, such as hot- or cold-working, heat-treatment and thermal cycling. It has perhaps more important and wide reaching ramifications than many of the other stages in the fabrication of components and structures. During the stages of preparation of SMA, hot working is adopted as one of processes in the form of rolling or drawing to incorporate the shape memory effect (SME). Such alloys can be directly employed for the applications. However, most of the times, the ingots are finally cold worked in the form of rolling or drawing before delivering to the application purpose. This allows the application engineers to subject the alloys to appropriate thermal/mechanical treatment in order to obtain the SMA with desired phase transformation properties. Hence, a sequence of cold work followed by heat treatment is considered to be a productive method to tailor the SME and superelasticity (SE). In order to emphasize the various methods of thermal, mechanical, and thermomechanical treatments, the Chapter is divided into the following Sections and Sub-sections.

i. Cold working

ii. Cold working followed by heat treatments

iii. Effect of cooling rate during heat treatments

iv. Hot working

v. Thermal cycling

vi. Severe plastic deformation a. High-pressure torsion (HPT) b. Equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) vii. Concluding remarks

Original languageUnknown
Title of host publicationShape Memory Alloys- Processing, Characterization and Applications
EditorsF. M. Braz Fernandes
Place of PublicationJaneza Trdine 9, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
ISBN (Print)978-953-51-1084-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

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