Thermodynamics, Kinetics, and Photochromism of Oaklins: A Recent Family of Deoxyanthocyanidins

André Sousa, Vesselin Petrov, Paula Araújo, Nuno Mateus, Fernando Pina, Victor de Freitas

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Two oaklins guaiacylcatechinpyrylium (GCP) and syringylcatechinpyrylium (SCP) and a model compound deoxypeonidin (DOP) were synthesized, and the rate and equilibrium constants of the respective pH dependent network of chemical reactions were calculated. In contrast to anthocyanins, the three compounds possess a small cis-trans isomerization barrier and hence the rate of the trans-chalcone formation follows a bell-shaped curve as a function of pH. The three compounds exhibit photochromism obtained by irradiation of the trans-chalcone, which, depending on pH, leads to the colored species flavylium cation and quinoidal base. The flash photolysis together with pH jumps followed by UV-vis absorption and stopped flow is a very useful tool to achieve the rate and equilibrium constants of the network of chemical reactions followed by these molecules. Oaklin compounds which are formed in wine aged in oak barrels present physical-chemical properties more similar to simpler deoxyanthocyanidins rather than anthocyanins and may play a significant role in color changes observed in wine aging. Given their higher stability, they may be regarded as potential food colorants.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)1901-1910
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

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