The high degree of organisation in the fluid phase of room-temperature ionic liquids has major consequences on their macroscopic properties, namely on their behaviour as solvents. This nanoscale self-organisation is the result of an interplay between two types of interaction in the liquid phase - Coulomb and van der Waals - that eventually leads to the formation of medium-range structures and the recognition of some ionic liquids as composed of a high-charge density, cohesive network permeated by low-charge density regions. In this chapter, the structure of the ionic liquids will be explored and some of their consequences to the properties of ionic liquids analyzed.
|Title of host publication||Ionic liquids|
|Place of Publication||Berlin|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2009|
|Name||Topics in Current Chemistry|