Theoretical and experimental studies of aryl-bithiophene based push-pull π-conjugated heterocyclic systems bearing cyanoacetic or rhodanine-3-acetic acid acceptors for SHG nonlinear optical applications

Sara S. M. Fernandes, Cyril Herbivo, João Aires-de-Sousa, Alain Comel, Michael Belsley, M. Manuela M. Raposo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of push-pull aryl-bithiophene based systems 2–3 were designed and synthesized in order to understand how structural modifications influence the electronic, linear and nonlinear optical properties. The push-pull conjugated chromophores 2–3 bear a bithiophene spacer conjugated with a phenyl ring functionalized with N,N-dialkylamino electron-donor groups together with cyanoacetic or rhodanine-3-acetic acid acceptor groups. Theoretical (DFT calculations) and experimental studies were carried out to obtain information on conformation, electronic structure, electron distribution, dipolar moment, and molecular nonlinearity response of the push-pull bithiophene derivatives. This multidisciplinary study revealed that chromophore 2e exhibits the highest value for hyperpolarizability β (10440 × 10−30 esu) due to the strong electron donating ability of the N,N-dimethylamino group, and the ethyne linker that not only lengthens the π-conjugation path but also grants less distortion to the system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-573
Number of pages8
JournalDyes and Pigments
Volume149
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Arylbithiophene
  • Cyanoacetic acid
  • Density functional theory (DFT)
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Rhodanine-3-acetic acid
  • Second harmonic generation (SHG)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Theoretical and experimental studies of aryl-bithiophene based push-pull π-conjugated heterocyclic systems bearing cyanoacetic or rhodanine-3-acetic acid acceptors for SHG nonlinear optical applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this