O ecossistema mundial de petróleo e gás: um apontamento

Translated title of the contribution: The world oil and gas ecosystem: a note

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Abstract

Nos últimos quarenta anos foi-se estruturando, de forma evolucionária e sob liderança dos Estados Unidos um ecossistema que organizou a nível mundial a oferta de petróleo e a regulação do seu preço o qual rompeu com as abordagens mercantilistas de necessidade de controlo pelos estados consumidores de territórios com recursos energéticos de grande valia. Depois de caracterizar este ecossistema, o artigo apresenta três exemplos concretos que demonstram o papel central dos Estados Unidos no sentido de aumentar a oferta de petróleo a nível mundial, fora e dentro da OPEP.

In the last 40 years, in an evolutionary way and under the leadership of the United States, an ecosystem has been taking shape that structured, at a global level, the oil offer and the regulation of its price, which broke away from the business-minded need of control by the countries supplied by territories with a vast wealth of energy resources. After describing this ecosystem, the paper introduces three particular examples that demonstrate the central role of the United States in increasing the world-wide oil offer within and outside the opec.
Translated title of the contributionThe world oil and gas ecosystem: a note
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)25-43
Number of pages19
JournalRelações Internacionais (R:I)
Issue number46
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • Petróleo
  • Companhias petrolíferas
  • Tecnologias
  • Gás natural
  • Oil
  • Oil companies
  • Shale gas

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