The use of rheology in the study of the composition effects on the fresh behaviour of hydraulic lime grouts for injection of masonry walls

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The injection of grouts inside multi-leaf stone masonries is a technique widely used for structural consolidation. To ensure an adequate flow of the grout inside the masonry, it is crucial to assure good fresh grout properties, such as good rheological behaviour. The scope of this paper is to provide preliminary indications and valuable data about the effects of specific hydraulic lime grout composition on their rheological behaviour with the purpose of a successful injection process. Through the use of rotational rheometer together with the Taguchi method, it was possible to study the influence of water/binder ratio, the type and dosage of superplasticizer and the partial replacement of hydraulic lime by silica fume, upon the grout rheological properties. The study leads to the conclusion that polycarboxylate-based superplasticizers present better performance from a rheological point of view than the naphthalene-based superplasticizer and that the water/binder ratio and superplasticizer dosage are the most determinant factors in the fresh grout rheological behaviour. On the other hand, silica fume dosage turned out to be the factor with the least contribution to improve the grout rheological behaviour compared to the other two factors reported in this study. The results summarised in this paper are part of a larger study and precede the analysis of the performance of those grouts when injected into different porous media that simulate old masonries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-138
Number of pages12
JournalRheologica Acta
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Hydraulic lime grout
  • Rheological properties
  • Rheometer
  • Silica fume
  • Superplasticizers
  • Taguchi method

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