The ups and downs of geology in Portugal: the Geological Survey, a historical perspective

Teresa Salomé Mota, Ana Maria Oliveira Carneiro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The Geological Survey of Portugal was created in 1857 in the context of a liberal monarchy within a general policy implemented by the state to effectively control Portuguese territory. Throughout the nineteenth century, despite the structural problems faced by the Survey, it developed a consistent geological research programme, which led to the publication of two editions of the geological map of Portugal on a scale of 1:500 000, together with a considerable number of related scientific articles and monographs. During the first three decades of the twentieth century, however, the Survey and the production of maps were no longer a priority for the State and the institution progressively declined. Only with the establishment of the dictatorial regime known as the Estado Novo (New State) and, in particular, the implementation of its industrializing policies in the context of development plans, did the Geological Survey recover its original purpose of producing geological maps and assert itself as a reference scientific institution.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHistory of Geoscience
Subtitle of host publicationCelebrating 50 Years of INHIGEO
EditorsWolf Mayer, René M. Clary, Luz F. Azuela, Teresa S. Mota, Stanisław Wołkowicz
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherGeological Society, Special Publications
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • geographical research
  • geological survey
  • historical perspective
  • history of geology
  • map
  • publishing


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