The Syndemic and One Health Nature of Pandemics: Arguments for Renewed Attention to Intelligence Management

João Paulo Magalhães, Tiago Correia, Inês Fronteira, Moshin Sidat, Fernando Passos Cupertino de Barros, Cláudio Tadeu Daniel-Ribeiro, António Pedro Delgado, Paulo Ferrinho

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The interdependence of humans, animals, plants, and their social and abiotic environment is highlighted by past and recent pandemics. A good example to understand and tackle threats to ecosystems is the COVID-19 pandemic. A syndemic is a complex and multilevel phenomenon of epidemics interacting synergistically at individual, societal, and environmental levels. Understanding the syndemic nature of pandemics will facilitate the adoption of a One Health approach to improve planetary health. To address the eco-complexity underlying One Health issues, the development of intelligence management systems through a planetary perspective is of key importance. This requires the capacity to capture, process, and communicate data on human, animal, and plant health and well-being, and on their social and environmental determinants. The implementation of such systems will need political commitment at all levels of action, deployment of adequate resources and expertise, reliable and comprehensive data flowing pathways through interoperable, flexible, and secure data sharing systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Research on Essential Information Approaches to Aiding Global Health in the One Health Context
Place of PublicationHershey, Pensylvania
PublisherIGI Global
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781799880127
ISBN (Print)9781799880110, 1799880117
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Pandemics (Covid-19)
  • One Health
  • intelligence management systems


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