The Study of Nation and Patria as Communities of Identity: Theory, Historiography, and Methodology from the Spanish Case

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Abstract

This article argues for a renovation in the study of nationalism by addressing the issue of the rationality underlying the decisions by citizens willing to leave their homelands. From the example of unforced exiles from the 1939 Republican diaspora (and inner exiles as well), the text starts with providing a theory of disidentification from a nation for the sake of civic commitment. Having shown the relevance of jointly studying the language of nation and patria, it focuses on Spanish post-Francoist historiography of the Early modern period for showing its unbalanced account of discourse revolving around patria in favor of that of nation. Thereafter, it provides a comparative overview of the scholarly interest in patriotism in modern history as depending on different national trajectories of political culture. Finally, it claims a methodological reorientation in the study of nationalism and patriotism by distinguishing between nation and patria as terms, as concepts, and as analytical categories defining distinctive collective identities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalGenealogy
Volume4
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • early modern history
  • historiography
  • nation
  • patria (fatherland)
  • identity
  • patriotism
  • nationalism
  • citizenship
  • deliberation
  • self-government
  • Spain
  • modern history

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