The STEP Scale: A Measure of Short-Term Export Performance Improvement

Luis Filipe Lages, Cristiana Raquel Lages

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)


This article is a direct response to a recent observation in the literature that managers appear to be short-term oriented in their assessment of the performance of an export venture (Madsen 1998). On the basis of a cross-national survey of exporting firms, the authors present a three-dimensional scale for assessing managerial judgment of short-term export performance (i.e., the STEP scale). The three dimensions are (1) satisfaction with short-term performance improvement, (2) short-term exporting intensity improvement, and (3) expected short-term performance improvement. The scale presents evidence of reliability as well as convergent, discriminant, and nomological validity, and it reveals factorial similarity and factorial equivalence across both samples. The authors outline managerial and public policy implications that stem from the scale and identify avenues for further export marketing research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-56
Number of pages21
JournalJournal Of International Marketing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004


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